CREATIVE DOCKLANDS (Rijeka, Croatia)
The port of Rijeka is located between the city and the sea, and its quays are long, but they lack storage and handling areas. In the physical sense, the port grew along the coast. The economic prosperity of the city of Rijeka in the past and in the present is directly related to the functioning of the port. Nowadays people of Rijeka face migration of young people for economic, social and societal reasons. Young people are leaving Rijeka due to stagnation in the development of the city. The latter also significantly affect changes in the city life and the city beat. In this project we want to develop a urban design plan to redefine the relationship between the port and the city of Rijeka in the border areas between the two urban structures from the perspective of young people. Interconnected areas—or the borders between the city and the port, or the port and the surrounding landscape—are becoming a key point in
implementing modern town-planning concepts.
The history of the port
The first milestone in the urban development of Rijeka is in 1719, when Rijeka became a free port and the population increased fourfold in subsequent years.
Another milestone was the establishment of the dual monarchy of Austria–Hungary in 1868, which gave Hungary the opportunity to fulfill its aspirations of building its own port in the Adriatic.
In the second half of the nineteenth century, the port of Rijeka developed urban industrial port structures, a railway nexus was formed, and new city quarters developed. In this context, the mouth of the Rječina River was shifted eastward, infilling of the sea in the southern part of the city began, and construction started on the first part of the port breakwater.
After the First World War, the port of Rijeka, which became an important European seaport through development supported by Hungary, was divided into two separate ports (the ports of Rijeka and Sušak) corresponding to the city’s division into Rijeka (Ital. Fiume) in Italy and Sušak in Yugoslavia.
The period after the Second World War saw the most dynamic development of the port of Rijeka. In the 1980s, the port of Rijeka accounted for 50% of the traffic of all Yugoslav ports and it was the most important Yugoslav port.
The port of Rijeka became the main national port after Croatia proclaimed its independence. However, although the overall port traffic exceeded 20 million tons in 1980, it only amounted to 4.6 million tons four years ago.
You are requested to make an urban design plan which transforms the port area and its boarders into a hub of the further development for Rijeka. You start with analyses of reference projects of reconstructed harbor areas in the Netherlands. You chose a concept of one of these areas and you will apply this to the Rijeka docklands. This concept you will work out into an urban design plan and a characteristic area which you will design more detailed.
Rijeka’s old city center port and hinterland
Concept schedule winter term (September – January)
September October November December January
week 1 introduction design designportfolio assessment portfolio assessment
week 2 portfolio concept design design portfolio ass.
week 3 research design week 2 final presentation
week 4 design week 1 design design
2015 winter term
40 hours per week
design week / coast of Rijeka